According to legend, our world was visited by civilising sky-gods who taught man agriculture, and many useful arts, but who later destroyed evil people with a flood. One of the 'civilising gods' had the appearance of a tall, white, bearded ,man who wore a long white robe and carried a multi- purpose staff which could be used for healing, dowsing, etc.
Although he had long since been gone, many early people enacted religious rituals celebrating his 'annual return'.
|Many of the Ancients associated their visitors with the Pleiades whose stars played a major role in early religions and traditions. (1) These 'Seven Sisters' were linked with 'The Flood', the Creation of the universe, the civilisers of man, and the beginning of the agricultural season. |
Some people believed that their ancestors came from them and that they will return there when they die.(2)
Their appearance, at certain times of the year, regulated some of the early calendars and heralded the dawn of a new age.
In the era around 3,000 b.c.e, when a major El Nino event occurred in the Pacific, a civilisation arose in the Supe Valley in Peru and it lasted for about 800 years. In the upper level of the city of Caral, 14 miles in from the coast, there was a ceremonial site with six large platform mounds.
The circle was also of special significance to the Caral people as they built sunken circular courts and on the summit of their pyramids they had a circular altar. They also aligned a stone circle, with a central standing stone, to their tallest pyramid.(3)
A few stone circles have been found elsewhere in Peru, in Brazil, North America, Easter Island , and in many other countries, but not nearly as many as in the British Isles where a standing stone surrounded by a circle of stones was a common feature. A circled dot often appeared in stone age art and in Egypt, it was a symbol of the god Ra.
Surrounding a stone with a circle implies that there is something special about it. Could it be that it represented a god in his circular home?(4)
Researchers, at Caral, were intrigued to find a small male figure , dated around 2280 -2180 b.c.e, which was shown wearing a hat and holding a staff in his right hand and, possibly, a snake in his left hand.
This figure appears to represent the Early World's civilising god who was depicted in the form of the staff-god in Peruvian art.
Chavin de Hauntar, in the Mosna Valley in the Northern Highlands of Peru, is thought to span the period from 850 b.c.e to 200 b.c. e.(5 )
Chavin's Old Temple consisted of a U shaped pyramidal platform, open towards the rising sun, and in the centre of the two wings there was a 'circular' plaza.
The axis on the west is said to be ' remarkably near the azimuth of the setting of the Pleiades around the time of its construction'(6)
The 7ft tall Raimondi Stone, now in the Lima Museum, originally stood somewhere in Chavin but it's original position is unknown. This stylised ,mystical, stone, which has snakes rising from its head, represents the Peruvian staff-god holding an elaborate staff in each hand and it appears to be a later version of the figure that was found at Caral.
Around the circular plaza, there are several slabs and on some of them there is symbolism associated with the sky-god religion.( 7 ) One slab shows an individual blowing a shell trumpet and another depicts a figure holding a staff. Twenty conch shell trumpets have been discovered at Chavin which suggests that they were blown on important occasions. In the southwest corner, of the site's lowest plaza's upper level, in its New Temple, there's a limestone slab upon which are carved seven circular depressions resembling the Pleiades ( 8 )
As these stars were of special significance at Chavin, could it be that, when they appeared, on important festivals, staff-carrying priests blew conch shell trumpets and rituals were enacted that related to the return of the staff-god?
Read Part 2
Written by Leonard Farra
(1) Richard Hinckley Allen. Star Names ,their Lore and Meaning.( p 391/413) Dover Publications.1963.
(2) Lawrence Blair with Lorne Blair. Ring of Fire. (P67)Bantam Press.1988.
(3) Hugh Thompson. Cochineal Red. (P80-) Phoenix. 2007.
(4) Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy (The Stone Age) (p73) Blurb.2010.
(5) Richard L. Burger. American Antiquity.P592 vol 46.No.3.1981.
(6) " Chavin. (p132).Thames and Hudson. 1992 .
(7) Leonard Farra, The Pleiades Legacy (The New World).(p138/9) Blurb.2010.
(8) Richard L.Burger. Chavin ( p178) Thames and Hudson. 1992.
(9) Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy (The New World), (p144) Blurb.2010.
(10) " " " " (p35)
(11) Gerald S. Hawkins. Beyond Stonehenge. (p150)Arrow Books. 1977.
(12) H.S.Bellamy. Built before the flood). (p106/7) Faber and Faber.1943.
(13) Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy (The New World) (p167) Blurb.2010.
(14) William Sullivan. The Secret of the Incas. Three Rivers Press. 1996.
(15) James. W.Mavor,Jr. & Byron. E. Dix. Manitou.(p53) Inner Traditions International Ltd.
(16) Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy. (The New World) (p141/2)Blurb. 2010.
(17) William. H.Prescott. History of the Conquest of Peru. ( p62) J.M.Dent and Sons Ltd.1937
(18) Nigel Davies. The Ancient Kingdoms of Peru. (p145) Penguin Books.1997.
(19) Evan Haddingham. Lines to the Mountain Gods. ( p117 and p246) Harrup Ltd.1987.
(20) William Sullivan. The Secret of the Incas. ( p310 ) Three Rivers Press.1996.
(21) Hugh Thomson. Cochinal Red. (p280/13) Phoenix. 2007.
(22) Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy (The New World). (p157/8) Blurb.2010.
(23) James S.Westerman. The Meaning of Machu Picchu (p48-)Westridge Publishing.Inc.1998.
(24) Siegfried Huber.The Realm of the Incas (p89)Robert Hale Ltd.1959.
About the author:
Leonard Farra - is the author of the books The Pleiades Legacy and The Pleiades Legacy (The Stone Age) - The Return of the Gods and The Pleiades Legacy ( The New World). All his books can be purchased Online from Blurb.Com.Leonard Farra has researched the Ancient Astronaut theory for 35 years and written four books on the subject.
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