maandag 7 april 2014

Unique Mysterious Figurines With Enormous Eyes - A Legacy Of Tell Brak Now On Emergency Red List - These remarkable statues with over-seized eyes raise some very intriguing questions?
Why have no similar eye idols been found in any other region?
Who were these strange beings with huge staring eyes?
The eye idols of Tell Brak have no parallels, in either Syria or Mesopotamia and they could help us answer important questions of the history of the region.
Unfortunately, due to the troubled situation in Syrian, the eye idols are now on the emergency red list of Syrian cultural objects at risk.

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Not much is known about the origin and nature of these remarkable eye idols.
The figures made of stone and having incised eyes, were excavated at Tell Brak, where hundreds were found in a building now called the Eye Temple.
The idols vary in size from about 3 to 6 cm in height, and are made of either white or black alabaster.

Image credit: Museum zu Allerheiligen, Schaffhausen, Switzerland

Tell Brak, located in the Upper Khabur region of northeast Syria on the fertile plains near the Tigris river, is one of northern Mesopotamia's largest ancient sites and among the world's earliest cities.It was first photographed from the air by Fr Pierre Poidebard in the 1920s and was first excavated by Sir Max Mallowan in 1937-8. From 2011, archaeological research at Tell Brak was funded by a British Academy Research Development Award (BARDA).
In ancient times, Tell Brak was considered an international city. It was home to several civilizations over the centuries, including the Sumerians, Babylonians, Akkadians and the Mittani's. The city was finally abandoned in c.2000 BC.

Tell Brak Image credit: University of Cambridge

"Although Tell Brak is in north-eastern Syria, both the decoration and plan of the Eye Temple resemble that of south Mesopotamian temples, such as those in Uruk and Eridu.
Eye symbolism was also popular in Mesopotamia around this time, and eye designs have been found on objects from the Royal Cemetery from Ur as well as in temples.
The Eye Idols of Tell Brak, however, are completely unique and have no parallels, in either Syria or Mesopotami," the Fitz William Museum informs.

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The eye idols discovered at the site date to about 3,300 BC. Many of them are incised with multiple sets of eyes, others with jewelry, and still others with representations of "children"-smaller eyes and body carved on the body of the larger idol.

Eye idols of Tell Brak

According to historians and archaeologists the idols are thought to be offering. It is believed that wide eyes demonstrate attentiveness to the gods in much Mesopotamian art. There reason why so many of these figures were left in the temple, was that they were considered gifts to the gods.
The decoration of the idols varied, and it seems that they may have been personalizedSome of the figures have carved lines and zig-zags on their bodies depicting clothes. There are even examples of group idols representing more than one figure, some of which have a smaller 'child' figure carved onto the front.

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The sad part of this story is that the magnificent Tell Brak eye idols are now on the emergency red list of Syrian cultural objects at risk.
Several archaeological sites in Syria have been damaged due to bombing and ancient museum's artifacts are looted and burned.
On top of the loss of artifacts, all six of Syria's UNESCO World Heritage Sites have reportedly been damaged or destroyed since the conflict began in the spring of 2011!

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"Museums, auction houses, art dealers and collectors are encouraged not to acquire such objects without having carefully and thoroughly researched their origin and all the relevant legal documentation. Due to the great diversity of objects, styles and periods, the Emergency Red List of Syrian Cultural Objects at Risk is far from exhaustive. Any cultural good that could have originated from Syria should be subjected to detailed scrutiny and precautionary measures," the world museum community warns.

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The destruction of the eye idols of Tell Brak, other artifacts and archaeological sites is a sad part in human history.
Once ancient history is lost or permanently damaged, we will never be able to learn the truth about our ancestors and life on this planet in prehistoric times.
Are we witnessing the end of the Syrian cultural heritage?

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